What is shoulder injury?
It involves a fracture of the collar bone or clavicle. This bone is usually fractured as a result of falling badly onto an outstretched arm.
Common Shoulder Injuries Include:
1. AC joint injury
2. Disclocated shoulder
3. Impingement syndrome
4. Frozen shoulder
5. Rotator cuff injury
6. Fracture of the clavicle
7. Glenohumeral Instability / Subluxation
8. Glenoid Labrum Injury
9. Inflammation of muscle attachments to the clavicle
10. Inflammation of the supraspinatus tendon
11. Inflammation of the subscapularis tendon
12. Pectoralis major muscle / tendon strain
13. Referred Shoulder Pain
14. Rotator cuff injuries / rotator cuff strain
15. Rupture of the supraspinatus tendon
16. Rupture of the long head of the biceps
17. Subacromial bursitis
Less Common Shoulder Injuries are:
- Deltoid muscle strain
- Sternoclavicular dislocation
- Winged scapula
Shoulder pain is an extremely common complaint, and there are many common causes of this problem. It is important to make an accurate diagnosis of the cause of your symptoms so that appropriate treatment can be directed at the cause.
If you have shoulder pain, some common causes include:
Bursitis | Rotator Cuff Tendonitis
The most common diagnosis in patients with shoulder pain is bursitis or tendonitis of the rotator cuff.
Rotator Cuff Tear
Rotator cuff tears occur when the tendons of the rotator cuff separate from the bone. Surgery is sometimes necessary for this condition.
Also called ‘adhesive capsuliitis,’ this is a common condition that leads to stiffness of the joint. Physical therapy and stretching are extremely important aspects of treatment.
Calcific tendonitis is a condition of calcium deposits within a tendon – most commonly within the rotator cuff tendons. Treatment of calcific tendonitis depends on the extent of symptoms.
Instability is a problem that causes a loose joint. Instability can be caused by a traumatic injury (dislocation), or may be a developed condition.
A dislocation is an injury that occurs when the top of the arm bone becomes disconnected from the scapula.
Also called an AC separation, these injuries are the result of a disruption of the acromioclavicular joint. This is a very different injury from a dislocation!
There are several patterns of a torn labrum and the type of treatment depends on the specific injury.
The SLAP lesion is also a type of labral tear. The most common cause is a fall onto an outstretched hand.
Shoulder arthritis is less common than knee and hip arthritis, but when severe may require a joint replacement surgery.
Biceps Tendon Rupture
A proximal biceps tendon rupture occurs when the tendon of the biceps muscle ruptures near the joint.
Seek medical attention if:
- The pain persists for more than 2-3 days
- You are unable to work due to the pain/limitations
- You are unable to reach up or to the side with the affected arm after 2-3 days
- You are unable to move the shoulder and arm at all
- For any acute injury where you are unable to move the injured shoulder as well as the uninjured shoulder